IOL technology, being a widely developing and highly researched field has given rise to a wide range of designs and types of IOLs to resolve vision problems. IOL’s today are designed to not just treat your cataract but also to improve your lifestyle.
Visual outcome from IOLs:
Enhanced vision is the aim of a cataract surgery. Most patients experience enhanced vision after cataract surgery.
The process of healing:
It is important to note that the vision gets stabilized when the eyes recover from the surgery and any minor issues faced by you resolve with time. Those who have any other eye problems like glaucoma, retinal issues, corneal issues etc and also systemic disorders like diabetes or high blood pressure, it is important to know that healing differs on case to case basis. What to expect in your case should be discussed with the treating surgeon.
Consultation post surgery is aimed at keeping a check on infection or any other complications. As regards need for spectacles, this also depends upon the type of lens used. Some patients may need glasses only for reading, driving at night, while others may not require glasses at all. Some IOLs acts as a UV barrier to protect your eyes from ultra violet rays, which help those patients who are at a higher risk of macular issues in the retina.
IOLs for Children: Children with congenital cataract or any other type of cataract are treated with the same surgery per se as in adults ie. phacoemulsification, however lenses [IOLs] may be advised at a later age.
What are the key areas of change with new IOLs?
- Colour vision: Initially some may see bright colours and have difficulty in facing bright light. However, subsequently it settles down with improved colour vision.
- Vision correction: Depending on your vision requirement, the presbyopia, myopia or astigmatism is corrected by the IOL best suited for you. The new advanced IOL’s have the advantage of correcting distance, intermediate and near vision.
- Spectacle Independence: Glasses would not be required in certain cases. Use of premium IOLs could reduce the need of glasses. Standard Monofocal IOL helps those who are happy to wear glasses after cataract surgery.
Points to note:
- Precautions to be taken with new IOL’s: Unlike contact lenses, IOL’s being a permanent implant, due care needs to be taken.
- Complications after IOL implant are very rare e.g. Infections, inflammations etc. Rarely variations in post operative power calculations may need correction as no IOL is perfect.
- Safe guard your eye against any eye trauma and UV rays.
- Avoid eye rubbing.
- Visit the ophthalmologist as advised and definitely annually to ensure good health of your eyes.
How to achieve success with the newly implanted IOL?
Shroff Eye hospital utilizes various ways to enable you to have best accommodation with your new IOL’s after cataract surgery.
- Post-operative eye check up and advise.
- Determine the level of adjustment with the new vision.
- Monitoring the reading with fonts of various sizes and reading from distances. This is recorded and observed to understand progress.
- Suggestion of corrective remedies to adjust to the new vision requirement.
- Identifies if any issue exists and recommends medications if necessary like checking of the ocular surface for conditions like dry eyes.
- Vision issues mentioned are checked with the actual prevailing vision conditions so as to rule out any case of neural adaptationor sensory adaptation.
- Eye Exercises according to your vision needs.
In case you find any difficulties in vision like flashes, glare, blurred vision, poor quality of vision, halos, pain, do let us know. In rare cases, if posterior capsular opacification is found then YAG laser capsulotomy is considered.